We always got up at five o’clock. For spring round-up . . . Our hours were from daylight until dark, most every day for about six weeks in April and part of May. Then came the ranch work: irrigating, haying, and ordinary ranch chores. Hours from five until sundown most all the time. We took time off to go fishing a lot an’ hunting when the seasons were open. . . Then in the fall roundup. The big one lasted about a month or six weeks in the months of September an’ October. That was when we got up before we woke up . . . The winter was the shortest work hours. We had the cows to milk. Cattle an’ chickens an’ hogs to feed. An’ wood to work up for summer. An’ on nice sunny days in the winter we made horse-hair ropes (mecates) of all kinds. Sometimes we played horseshoes, an’ many times my sister an’ I’d set out traps, and trap quite a few coyotes to make spare money during the winter. . . .

Daddy caught up on lots of work during the winter: building fences and corrals and sheds for the cattle. And lots of odd jobs. . . like butchering hogs or beef. . . .  An’ we kinda’ went to bed early in those days, we didn’t stay up very late. . . [Talking about a special kind of corral he made.] To make a corral, he’d dig a trench, pretty deep. . .  Then he’d cut cedar posts, heavy cedar posts. . . He’d set those as close as he could together in this trench. An’ then he’d get a heavy willow or cottonwood, one o’ the two . . . an put so far up on the fence. An’ then he would cut up cowhides or mustang hides, anything that he had in hides, and take half loops around that willow an’ the cedar posts while the hide was damp. Or if it was an old hide, he’d soak it in water, an’ cut it up in strips, and lash it by looping it around the willow an’ the post. An’ then when it dried, it shrank, an’ those posts, you couldn’t even budge ‘em. That stayed on there for years. It was stronger than wire on a corral. That’s the way we built things in those days. [See photo on p. 287.]“[52]


[1].             Family records in family Bible and other records of Joseph Brigham Nay and Amanda Earl received by Doris Whitney in correspondence with Olephia E. Nay King and others; now in possession of Bert N. Whitney, Logandale, Nevada.

[2].             Berrett, William E., The Restored Church, 1961.

[3].             Harris Grove Branch Records of Members/Historical Record, 1848-1852 (FHL microfilm #0001923), 18.

[4].             1850 Federal Census, Iowa, Pottawattomie County. (later known as Harrison County).

[5].             Crossing the Plains File (JH Oct, 1852, 2) “Nay, John and 8 others 1852: Oct 12 Arrived in GSL City with Capt. Allen Week’s Co.”

[6].             1856 Utah Territory Census (FHL microfilm #0505,913).

[7].             Index to Endowment House Records No. 2377 Book F, 210, Joseph Brigham Nay.

[8].             1860 Federal Census, Springville, Utah (FHL microfilm #805313).

[9] Also known as Amanda Eleanor in some records.

[10].            Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register 1845-46, 284 (Endowed 3 Feb. 1846).

[11].            Jenson, Andrew LDS Biographical Encyclopedia. [1951] 3: 365.

[12] Jenson, 365.

[13].            Doris Whitney family records; see James Calvin Earl family group.

[14] Doris Whitney family records.

[15].            Springville Ward Records (FHL microfilm #26,458 and #26,459)

[16] Springville Ward Records.

[17].            1860 Federal Census, Springville, Utah (FHL microfilm #805,313), pp. 282-283.

[18] Obituary notice for Amanda Ellen Earl Nay. Newspaper unknown; copy in possession of author. Text is as follows: “Tonapah, Nev.-Mrs. Amanda Ellen Nay, 90, daughter of early-day Mormon pioneers, died here Friday after an illness of four years. Funeral services were conducted Saturday under the direction of the L. D. S. church. Mrs. Nay had resided here since 1901 and was a member of an early colonization party into southern Utah and Nevada as a child. She resided several years in Colorado, then returned to Nevada. She was born in Salt Lake City on August 15, 1849. Her husband, Joseph Brigham Nay, died in Goldfield in 1905. She is survived by a son, John E. Nay of Tonopah: four daughters, Mrs. Ellen Scribner of Bend, Ore.; Mrs. Mark Kibler of Mesa, Ariz., Mrs. Harry Quackenbush of Heppener, Ore. and Mrs. Charles Hansen of Gilbert, Nev.; a brother, Sylvester Earl of Virgin, Utah, and a sister, Mrs. Rose Warren of Las Vegas.”

[19] “Index to Endowment House Temple Records” (No. 2377, Book F, 210) Entry for Earle, Amanda Ellen. When married is left blank. To whom is Ezra Strong. Sealed Husband is 12 Oct 1867 EH. On reverse side is notation “also sld. 11 July 1870 EH 8 Jan 1869 to Joseph Brigham Nay.”

[20] 1870 Federal Census, Santaquin, Utah 18 July 1870, p. 301. It is not known for certain that the Ezra Strong here listed with his wife, Mary, 29, and 7 children, ages 14-1 is the same person to whom Amanda was sealed three years previously. However, there are no other men by this name in the Utah census or Temple Index for this time. Temple Index records for Ezra Strong do not reveal his sealing to Amanda.

[21] Doris Whitney family records.

[22] Early Marriages of Washington County 1869-1919 (Utah Genealogical Society Microfilm 213,897 GS 026,418) “Joseph B. Nay, Pine Valley Ward and Amanda Earl, Pine Valley Ward married 3 Jan 1869.”

[23].            Pine Valley Ward Records (FHL microfilm #0026418). “Joseph Brigham Nay baptized 30 Aug 1878 by Wm Burgess, confirmed same day by Wm Snow.”

[24] Endowment House Index to sealings 1853-1873 (FHL microfilm #183,391) also Sealings of couples, living and by proxy, 1851-1889, Vol A-A1, EH. The temple records show a marriage date of 8 Jan 1869 in Pine Valley, Washington, Utah.

[25].            Index to Endowment House Records, Joseph Brigham Nay.

[26] Nay Family Bible in possession of Marilyn Nay, Nay Ranch near Bunkerville NV.

[27] Daughter also known as Amanda Eleanor in some sources.

[28].            Doris Whitney family records.

[29].            1870 Federal Census (FHL microfilm #553112).

[30] Doris Whitney family records; Index to Logan Temple Records No P 2893

[31] Doris Whitney family records.

[32] Doris Whitney family records; Index to St. George Temple records No. P SG66522.

[33].            Parshall, Ardis E.,, retrieved 11/11/01.

[34].            1880 Federal Census (FHL microfilm #1255336) 5 June 1880, p. 7.

[35].            Doris Whitney family records.

[36].            Parshall, Ardis E.,, retrieved  11/11/01. The list is the second one, identified as “apparently” dating from 1884.

[37] Doris Whitney family records, Thirza Angeline Nay born 11 July 1881 Circleville, Piute County, Utah; Rowena Nay, 7 June 1883 Grass Valley, Washington, Utah.

[38] Doris Whitney family records, George Melvin Nay born 10 Oct 1885; died 3 Jan 1886.

[39].         Utah State Archives and Records Service, Letter in the file with reference of the pardon of Joseph Nay, Filed 22 April 1890 (spelling standardized) (Series 328. 1892-1949).

[40] Utah State Archives and Records Service.

[41] Utah State Archives and Records Service.

[42] Doris Whitney family records.

[43].            1900 Federal Census (FHL microfilm #1240129) 20 June 1900 ED #119, 189.

[44].            Esmeralda County Death Records, Deaths in Death records Goldfield, Nevada Recorder’s Office (FHL microfilm #1862583 pt. 4), 1

[45] Obituary notice for Amanda Ellen Earl Nay.

[46] King, Olephia. Nay, “Dust and Desire, Laughter and Tears: Recollections of a Nevada Pioneer Cowgirl and Poet,” Oral History, University of Nevada-Reno, 1978-80.

[47] 1910 Federal Census Nevada, Esmeralda Co. Columbia Township (FHL microfilm #137871) 16 Apr 1910 ED #5053.

[48] Zanjani, Sally, A Mine of Her Own, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 1997 “In the mid-nineties two young Mormon cowboys, the brothers John and Joseph Brigham Nay, decided to leave their home in Pine Valley, Utah, and go adventuring. John, accompanied by two cousins, left first. They meant to join relatives at Belmont, but instead of going there by the most direct route, they planned to make a long sweep south to Ash Meadows on the fringe of the Death Valley country, ride on to Bishop and eventually north to the Reese River Valley and Belmont. . . [They reported] an encounter with the formidable desert frontiersman Jack Longstreet. When the Nays rode up, the big, long-haired Longstreet appeared in the doorway of his white stone cabin, no doubt with his gun at the ready, as was his habit, and inquired suspiciously, ‘You boys Mormons?’ The Nays, guessing that Mormons were distinctly less welcome than outlaws in Ash Meadows society, hastily protested that they were no such thing. Longstreet may or may not have believed them, but he accepted their explanations and offered them the warm southern hospitality with which he treated those travelers who were fortunate enough not to encounter him behind the barrel of a gun. [Later an unarmed Joe Nay would be seriously wounded in another encounter with Longstreet in which he was mistaken for his father-in-law.] The young men continued their odyssey, joining up with Joe in the Reese River Valley and finally arriving at Belmont in 1896.” Joe married Ellie Clifford in 1899 and John married Lottie Stimler. Both girls were native Nevadans.

[49].            King, Olephia Nay, 125.

[50] Telephone conversation with Wanda McNair, Fallon, Nevada, August 2002.

[51] Obituary notice for Amanda Ellen Earl Nay .

[52] King, Olephia Nay, 3, 4, 6, 39, 40, 44, 45, 58, 69, 70.


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